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LINEE GUIDA PER USO SOSTENIBILE DEI FITOFARMACI II EDIZIONE
Linee guida per un uso sostenibile dei prodotti fitosanitari-IIedizione
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|02-03 July 2012|
|Events endorsed by OPERA|
Valentin Almansa, Director General of Plant Health of the Ministry of Agriculture opened the workshop mentioning the importance of taking advantage from the experiences of other countries and the conviction that the workshop will contribute to drafting a good National Action Plan (NAP). The president of AEPLA, Sergio Dedominici, stated that the NAP should be constructed with the participation of all stakeholders and keeping in mind economic, social and environmental objectives.
José Antonio González from the Ministry of Agriculture described the implementation of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and the risk reduction and impact from Plant Protection Products (PPPs) for the environment and human health as the two main objectives of the Spanish NAP. More specifically he described the basic infrastructure that should be established in the country in order to set the basis for the fruitful implementation of IPM. Preparation of specific IPM guidelines, advisory systems of IPM, training systems for advisors and distributors are some of the specific objectives of the Spanish authorities.
The Policy Team Coordinator of OPERA Research Centre, Alexandru Marchis, pointed out the need to pay attention to the bigger context of the sustainability of agricultural production when deciding on policies with impact on farmers. He also analyzed the link between the SUD requirements and the criteria for cross-compliance in the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). These criteria are to be taken into consideration to construct pragmatic and achievable requirements for the farmers. SUD also works as a bridge between the risk assessment and risk management as well as it creates opportunities to improve the agricultural practice.
The German approach to the implementation of the Sustainable Use Directive was presented by Bernd Hommel from Julius Kűhn-Institute. He presented some facts about plant protection in Germany, the outcomes of the present action plan between 2008 and 2011 and the structure of the new NAP from 2013. The most important of his conclusions were the contribution of demonstration farms to spread knowledge in IPM and the need of the active participation of all stakeholders into the structure of the NAP.
Francisco González Zapater from the Government of Murcia of Spain presented the Murcia experience in sustainable use of pesticides. IPM appears to be an important priority for Murcia as well. Training in the use and maintenance of machinery is still to be improved. Direct information channels to the consumers for the right use of phytosanitary products should be better established.
The General Director of ECPA, Claudia Michel, gave an overview about the SUD implementation in other Member States and she gave some specific examples. Furthermore, she mentioned training of farmers and advisors, IPM and inspection of sprayers as on the main areas of action of the SUD.
Amalia Kafka, Scientific Officer of OPERA presented the recommendations of OPERA on Integrated Pest Management implementation and the Risk Indicators. Dr Emilio Gil from the Polytechnic University of Catalan gave the best management practices for water protection based on the results of TOPPS-PROVADIS project.
Maura Calliera, Scientific Officer of OPERA presented the guidelines that were developed for the sustainable use of pesticides in Italy. The document was developed in a multi-stakeholder process. The project targeted to develop instruments for the easy identification of the areas where individual farmers can take measures to reduce or mitigate risks.
The second day of the workshop started with the identification of the priorities for the Spanish NAP. Participants were divided in three working groups (social and economic area: training and communication; health; environment-biodiversity, water and IPM) where they discussed the priorities that need to be set for each of the above mentioned areas.